Modified bitumen roofing, being asphalt-based, is designed for low-slope roofs, and has been successfully used in the United States for over 40 years. Its unique properties give it many of the benefits of old-fashioned built-up roofing (think tar and gravel) and some of the convenience of today’s single-ply roofing systems. If you are re-roofing a flat roof, mod-bit should be on your list of options.
Modified bitumen systems are installed in at least 2 layers and are highly durable. Because it is a more traditional roof membrane applied in multiple layers, it stands up to foot traffic very well. It is easy to work with in tight spaces if you have to re-roof a tight space, such as a balcony or city 3-flat rooftop, modified bitumen can be hard to beat.
A modified bitumen roofing membrane may be black in color, or only minimally reflective. The rooftop’s dark color attracts and absorbs heat from the sun—rather than reflecting it away from the building. The most common modified bitumen adhesion method is “torch down”, which is a high-risk propane-fueled method to adhere it to the substrate. Mod-bit systems can be significantly more expensive on large roofs.
TPO, Thermoplastic Polyolefin, is made up of a single layer of synthetics, usually a blend of polypropylene and ethylene-propylene rubber. Its primary advantage is that it’s typically the lowest material cost for single-ply membrane roofs. It typically comes in white on top, which can help reflect the sun’s light and stop heat buildup within the building.
TPO provides outstanding resistance to ozone, ultraviolet rays, and some chemical exposure at a low cost. It reflects heat radiation better than EPDM and resists mold growth, dirt accumulation, tears impacts, and punctures.
Heat welding the seams requires a very high-quality installation to hold up over time. Some formulations of TPO may not last much past the 10-year mark, and newer technology makes for a lack of a proven track record.
PVC, polyvinyl chloride, is made from a lower percentage of oil and petroleum than TPO or EPDM. Energy-efficient and surprisingly strong, it can be installed by heat welding the seams, as opposed to adhesive or utilizing a taped seam. This installation method allows a PVC roof to expand and contract with a building. PVC can also be sealed with solvent welding and attached to metal flashing and other components with adhesives.
PVC is highly efficient with heating and cooling, reflects the sun and mitigates the heat island effect in cities, and is recyclable, even after over twenty years of service life. Some commercial buildings will have significant amounts of exposure to chemicals. PVC roofs also do not support combustion, burn slowly, are difficult to ignite, and even extinguish the fire if the source is removed.
These features all come at a cost that is typically higher per square foot cost than both EPDM and TPO. PVC typically doesn’t perform as well in cold climates, becoming brittle and cracking or shattering if walked on. In addition, you will need to completely remove your old roof before moving forward in the case of a re-roofing job. This also adds more cost to the job as it can be very labor-intensive to remove the old roof.
At Guardian Roofs, we have experience in commercial roofing that will ensure you the job is done as intended the first time. If you’re ready to see what your roofing solutions can look like, schedule an estimate with San Marcos’ trusted roofing company today.